Freedman, Samuel G.: Breaking the Line: The Season in Black College Football That Transformed the Sport and Changed the Course of Civil Rights

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      Library Journals, LLC
    • Publication Date:
      2013
    • Abstract:
      Freedman, Samuel G. Breaking the Line: The Season in Black College Football That Transformed the Sport and Changed the Course of Civil Rights. S. S. Aug. 2013. 320p. photogs, notes. [...]
    • ISSN:
      0363-0277
    • Rights:
      Copyright 2013 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
      COPYRIGHT 2013 A wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
    • Accession Number:
      edsgcl.333065409
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MAXYMUK, J. Freedman, Samuel G.: Breaking the Line: The Season in Black College Football That Transformed the Sport and Changed the Course of Civil Rights. Library Journal, [s. l.], n. 11, p. 97, 2013. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsgao&AN=edsgcl.333065409&authtype=sso&custid=s1007886. Acesso em: 7 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Maxymuk J. Freedman, Samuel G.: Breaking the Line: The Season in Black College Football That Transformed the Sport and Changed the Course of Civil Rights. Library Journal. 2013;(11):97. Accessed August 7, 2020. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsgao&AN=edsgcl.333065409&authtype=sso&custid=s1007886
    • APA:
      Maxymuk, J. (2013). Freedman, Samuel G.: Breaking the Line: The Season in Black College Football That Transformed the Sport and Changed the Course of Civil Rights. Library Journal, 11, 97.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Maxymuk, John. 2013. “Freedman, Samuel G.: Breaking the Line: The Season in Black College Football That Transformed the Sport and Changed the Course of Civil Rights.” Library Journal. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsgao&AN=edsgcl.333065409&authtype=sso&custid=s1007886.
    • Harvard:
      Maxymuk, J. (2013) ‘Freedman, Samuel G.: Breaking the Line: The Season in Black College Football That Transformed the Sport and Changed the Course of Civil Rights’, Library Journal, p. 97. Available at: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsgao&AN=edsgcl.333065409&authtype=sso&custid=s1007886 (Accessed: 7 August 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Maxymuk, J 2013, ‘Freedman, Samuel G.: Breaking the Line: The Season in Black College Football That Transformed the Sport and Changed the Course of Civil Rights’, Library Journal, no. 11, p. 97, viewed 7 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Maxymuk, John. “Freedman, Samuel G.: Breaking the Line: The Season in Black College Football That Transformed the Sport and Changed the Course of Civil Rights.” Library Journal, no. 11, 2013, p. 97. EBSCOhost, widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsgao&AN=edsgcl.333065409&authtype=sso&custid=s1007886.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Maxymuk, John. “Freedman, Samuel G.: Breaking the Line: The Season in Black College Football That Transformed the Sport and Changed the Course of Civil Rights.” Library Journal, 2013. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsgao&AN=edsgcl.333065409&authtype=sso&custid=s1007886.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Maxymuk J. Freedman, Samuel G.: Breaking the Line: The Season in Black College Football That Transformed the Sport and Changed the Course of Civil Rights. Library Journal [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2020 Aug 7];(11):97. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsgao&AN=edsgcl.333065409&authtype=sso&custid=s1007886

Reviews

Booklist Reviews 2013 June #1

The year 1967 represented a transitional point in the civil rights movement. As award-winning journalist Freedman states, it was a time of soaring hopes and dashed expectations. Integration was being challenged by black nationalism and faced a white backlash, as well. Caught in the middle were the historically black colleges, pillars within the separate-but-equal tradition. Their sports teams, a traditional source of pride to the community, were facing new issues, including competition to recruit black athletes from bigger universities in the North and, slowly, in the South. It was in this environment that legendary football coaches Eddie Robinson of Grambling and Jake Gaither of Florida A&M, at the point of establishing their legacies, were to meet in the championship game of black college football, the Orange Blossom Classic. Focusing on these remarkable men, their times, their institutions, and their players, Freedman, who has not previously written on athletics (though he has written about black culture), has produced an informative book. Though it doesn't quite fulfill the ambition of its subtitle, it does make a solid contribution to sports history. Copyright 2013 Booklist Reviews.

LJ Reviews 2013 June #2

Freedman (columnist, New York Times) here looks at the nexus of 20th-century American culture, race, and civil rights through sports as he takes readers back to 1967 when two historically black college football powerhouses, Grambling and Florida A&M (FAMU), played against each other at the Orange Blossom Classic to determine the champion of black college football. He focuses on the coaches—Grambling's Eddie Robinson and FAMU's Jake Gaiter—and their quarterbacks, James Harris and Ken Riley, respectively. Robinson dreamt of Harris breaking the NFL barrier for black quarterbacks, while Gaither wished simply that a black college might play a white one in the Deep South. Ironically, while both coaches spent a lifetime effecting slow but real change by working within the system, they came in for blistering criticism from 1960s activists for not striking a more radical stance. Freedman's subtitle exaggerates: Harris indeed became a pioneer quarterback and executive in the NFL, while Riley transformed into a star pro defensive back, but they were part of a long and slow progression of change. VERDICT This story is expertly reported and engagingly written. Both sports fans and students of 20th-century American studies will be drawn to it.—John Maxymuk, Rutgers Univ. Lib., Camden, NJ

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